Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tamara B. ), Khufu is perhaps better known by his Greek name, Cheops. The Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu or usually recognized by his Greek name Cheops ruled as the second pharaoh in Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty found on the Bible Timeline. Corrections? 10 Must-Watch TED Talks That Have the Power to Change Your Life. Independent Picture Service/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. HIs father was the Pharaoh, and he probably was born to the chief wife. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Khufu’s Lineage. There was a special coronation ceremony, when he was crowned, upon his father's death. Khufu seems to have inherited a prosperous country from his father Snefru. The son and immediate successor of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru, the founder of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. Other sources ascribe varying lengths: Manetho 65 years; Herodotus 50. It is generally acknowledged that the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only ancient wonder of the world still standing today, was built by Pharaoh Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty some 4,500 years ago. He married his sister Khamerernebti, Meresankh III, and perhaps Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a8Kgx. His real name was Khnum-khuf meaning 'the god Khnum is his protection. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? Khufu. It is believed Khufu became Pharaoh while in his twenties. Khufu (reigned 2590-2568 B.C. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in Egypt. When was Khufu born? This area was built by the King Bent pyramids, one located in the north of Dahshur and the so-called pyramid or the northern Red Pyramid. No one knows when Khufu was born. 2465 bce) of ancient Egypt and builder of the second of the three Pyramids of Giza. and came to throne in his early twenties. Khufu was one of several children born to King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres and had fifteen daughters and nine sons of his own, including his successor, Radjedef. Khufu’s barque measures 43.5 metres (143 feet) long and nearly 6 metres (20 feet) wide and is still seaworthy today. That's strange, isn't it? Khafre was the son of King Khufu and succeeded the short-lived Redjedef, probably his elder brother. Cause of death:unspecified. Little is known about Khufu, but his fame is assured by the tomb he built for himself: the Great Pyramid of Giza. When Was Khufu Born. Ancient Egypt: Khufu, whose full name was Khnum Khufwy, was the pharaoh who commissioned the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. He has ruled Egypt for about 4600 years ago. Khufu is credited with commissioning the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza, which is known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Egyptian art and architecture: Pyramid of Khufu. Khufu (known to the Greeks as Cheops) was the second ruler of ancient Egypt’s fourth dynasty. View this answer. Sign in. Khufu was a very rigorous ruler and forced men to work unpaid labor on this pyramid only for a very scarce amount of food. In the Westcar Papyrushe is depicted as being keen to increase his own power and ensure the continued rule of his family, but is not as a particularly cruel monarch although he does offer the life of a criminal to test the skills in resurrection of a magician (which is often quoted as evidence that he was e… Khufu >Khufu (reigned 2590-2568 B.C. Other sources from much later periods sugg… It took about 2.3 million blocks weighing an average of 2.5 tons each to build this pyramid. Remains:Mummified, whereabouts unknown. You can sign in to vote the answer. 2613-2494 B.C. AKAKhufu. The exact location of Khufu's birthplace are unknown, as are many other aspects of his life and reign. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Khufu was a very rigorous ruler and forced men to work unpaid labor on this pyramid only for a very scarce amount of food. This is due to large gaps in the ancient... See full answer below. According to most historians, he used conscripted labor, rather than slaves, to build the pyramid out of 2,300,000 blocks that weighed approximately 2.5 tons each. It was … ), Khufu is perhaps better known by his Greek name, Cheops. Khufu (/ ˈ k uː f uː /, full name Khnum Khufu / ˈ k n uː m ˈ k uː f uː /, known to the ancient Greeks as Cheops; Old Egyptian: ḫw.f-wj; /χawˈjafwij/) was an ancient Egyptian monarch who was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, in the first half of the Old Kingdom period (26th century BC). For the Old Kingdom the most characteristic form of tomb building was the true pyramid, the finest example of which is the Great Pyramid... For the Old Kingdom the most characteristic form of tomb building was the true pyramid, the finest example of which is the Great Pyramid of King. King Khufu is believed to have been born in 2609 B.C. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Khufu, Khufu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Great Pyramid of Giza was created under his rule. and to have died in 2584 B.C., according to BBC History. Died:c. 2566 BC. Khufu, Greek Cheops, (flourished 25th century bce ), second king of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. … Khufuwas the son of another great pyramid builder, King Sneferu. Khufu is often described as a cruel leader. Khufu (reigned 2590-2568 B.C. Gender:Male. The famous pyramid is the oldest and largest of the three ancient monuments in the Giza Plateau and is believed to have been constructed for the Pharaoh Khufu over a … ), or Cheops, was an Egyptian king who built the Great Pyramid at Giza and ruled as the second king of the Fourth Dynasty.. 0 0. Married to his half sister Hetephérés I, he had a first son, Khufu, then two other sons of a second wife, thereafter. Although few written sources remain, it is known that Khufu was the son and successor of King Snefru and his queen Hetepheres and was probably married four times: to Merityetes, who was buried in one of the three small pyramids beside his own; to a second queen, whose name is unknown; to Henutsen, whose small pyramid is the third of the group; and to Nefert-kau, the eldest of Snefru’s daughters. The son and immediate successor of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru, the founder of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. ), or Cheops, was an Egyptian king who built >the Great Pyramid at Giza and ruled as the second king of the Fourth >Dynasty. King Khufu is believed to have been born in 2609 B.C. Khufu’s reign and that of his son Khafre were represented by the Greek historian Herodotus as 106 years of oppression and misery, but this was belied by Khufu’s posthumous reputation in Egypt as a wise ruler. 2465 bce) of Egypt and builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza ( see Pyramids of Giza ), the largest single building to that time. He reigned during the period between 2547 and 2524 BC) Fourth dynasty, commissioned the work and his brother followed Hemienu them personally. In Ägyptisches Museum Georg Steindorff, Leipzig. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. king khufu was a pharaoh of Egypt. The son and immediate successor of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru, the founder of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. Read more about this topic: Khufu, Family. 1 decade ago. One thing we do know is when he died: 2566 BC. King Khufu “2589-2566 BC“, whose name means Khunum protects me, was known as Cheops to the Greeks.He was an ancient Egyptian monarch, who ruled Egypt through the fourth dynasty during the 26th century B.C as a second king. Birthplace:Egypt. Khufu was the son of King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres. He was known to be the second most powe… Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. His full name was Khnum-Khufu. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In fact, personal facts about Pharaoh Khufu are pretty scarce in general, which is too bad. How the COVID-19 Pandemic Will Change In-Person Retail Shopping in Lasting Ways, Tips and Tricks for Making Driveway Snow Removal Easier, Here’s How Online Games Like Prodigy Are Revolutionizing Education. Khufu's reign over Egypt spanned more than twenty three years from 2589 BC through 2566 BC. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Side view of the Sphinx with the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) rising in the background, Giza, Egypt. Contemporary documents suggest that unlike his father he was not seen as a beneficent ruler and by the Middle Kingdom he is generally described as heartless ruler. There is no agreement on the date of his reign. He closed down many of the temples of Egypt, following the trend started by his father Khufu. Here is a man who built a huge monument, and yet left no record of his birthdate. There is only one statue left over from his rule, which is 3 inches tall and made out of ivory. How do you think about the answers? The great number of years separating us from the birth of Khufu should make us humble in the face of the accuracy of genealogical information. King Khufu succeeded his father and became the second king of Egypt in the 4thDynasty. The building of the pyramid took approximately 23 years to complete. Egyptologists maintain that the Pyramid–and all pyramids in Egypt for that matter–was built as the eternal resting place of the Pharaoh. Khufu's mothers name was Hetepheres. Khufu was the 2nd pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in the Old Kingdom. The name of the pyramid was also Akhet-Khufu, which means the “horizon of Khufu”, and the only entity known to be on the horizon is the sun god Re. Khufuwas born in 2589 BC - 2566 BC. I was born sneering. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Although he was responsible for building the Great Pyramid of Giza, scholars do not have much information on Khufu himself. ), or Cheops, was an Egyptian king who built the Great Pyramid at Giza and ruled as the second king of the Fourth Dynasty. Herodotus’s story of Khufu’s prostitution of his daughter in order to raise money for his building projects is clearly apocryphal. king khufu was a pharaoh of Egypt. Khufu’s wives were both buried around the great Pyramid … 2465 bce) of Egypt and builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza (see Pyramids of Giza), the largest single building to that time. It is definitely clear that Khafre was a son of Pharaoh Khufu, but his mother’s name could not be ascertained, due to the lack of any solid evidence. He succeeded to the throne after his father died. However certain facts are established, archaeologically speaking. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in Egypt. He was the first to build a pyramid in this area. Scholars generally agree that Khufu ruled for nearly a quarter of … When Was King Khufu Born, and When Did He Die? He also had several daughters, one of who would later become Queen Hetepheres II. Location of death:Egypt. Khufuwas the … Khufu, also known by his Greek name Cheops, was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt who is famous all over the world as the person who built perhaps the most famous structure in history.Khufu’s ship is also well known and he is the central character of literary masterpiece Papyrus Westcar.Here are 10 interesting facts about the life and legacy of King Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid. Unlike his father, Khufu was remembered as a cruel and ruthless pharaoh in later folklore. Some authors say it was between 2558 BC and 2532 BC. Khufu was likely married to Queen Meritites and Queen Henutsen. I can’t help it. Khufu was born around 2589 B.C. We know that Khufu was the son of Snefru, the founding pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty. and to have died in 2584 B.C., according to BBC History. The Great Pyramid was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Kawab had a double mastaba with his wife the Princess Hetepheres II near his father's pyramid. It would be great to know more about him and his life. 2613-2494 B.C. Khafre's Family Life . Khufu had a huge family, with two wives, Meritates and Henutsen, and twenty-four children, which were fifteen daughters and nine sons. Khufu, Greek Cheops, (flourished 25th century bce), second king of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. Born:c. 2620 BC. When he was born King Khufu was living within the palace of his father King Bent in the south of Dahshur Pyramids of Giza. Khufu had several sons, one of which, Djedefra, was his immediate successor. According to the Turin King List, Khufu reigned for 23 years. It is generally thought that Khufu came to the throne in his twenties, and reigned for about 23 years, which is the number ascribed to him by the Turin Papyrus. Strange Americana: Does Video Footage of Bigfoot Really Exist? He was the one who was responsible for building the great pyramid that you can visit during your Cairo day tours.Here all information you need to know about King Khufu: Sphinx and the Great Pyramid of Khufu. Two of his sons, Redjedef and Khafre, succeeded him in turn. Khafre, fourth king of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. Omissions? Khufu full name as Khnum Khufu means “Khnum Protects Me”. When Snefrou I disapp… Meritites (sometime written Meritiotes or Merytiotes) was the mother of the heir to the throne Prince Kawab. Famous quotes containing the words family and/or tree: “ My family pride is something inconceivable. Khufu is credited with commissioning the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza, which is known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Updates? 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