(iii) The principal investigator has provided written assurance that activities do not unnecessarily duplicate previous experiments. (ii)               On alternatives to the use of live animals. (section 3.8). However, those officials may not approve an activity involving the care and use of animals if it has not been approved by the IACUC. (7) Primary enclosures for rabbits (Section 3.53). 2.31 (d)(8)). (3) Innovative primary enclosures that do not precisely meet the space requirements but that do provide rabbits with a sufficient volume of space and the opportunity to express species-typical behavior, may be used at research facilities when approved by the IACUC. Tunbridge Wells (iii) Sick, infirm, aged, or young dogs or cats. This paper provides a brief summary and section numbers of the regulations and standards that pertain to reports, notifications, certifications, and recordkeeping for research facilities required under the Animal Welfare Act. (4) Review and investigate complaints regarding care and use of animals. (2) Assure that each principal investigator has considered alternatives to painful procedures (Sect. These exceptions are not departures from the Guide. (5)   Utilization of services available to provide information: (i)                 On appropriate methods of animal care and use. In addition, the Guide establishes exceptions in specific situations. (1) The IACUC shall conduct a review of activities related to the care and use of animals and determine they are in accordance with regulations unless acceptable justification is provided in writing"..... “Further, the IACUC shall determine that the proposed activities or significant changes in ongoing activities meet the following requirements:". (e) Carriers and intermediate handlers must not accept a nonhuman primate for transport in commerce unless their animal holding area facilities meet the minimum temperature requirements provided in sections 3.91 and 3.92, or unless the consignor provides them with a certificate signed by a veterinarian and dated no more than 10 days before delivery to the carrier or intermediate handler, certifying that the animal is acclimated to temperatures lower than those that are required in sections 3.91 and 3.92....A copy of the certification must accompany the nonhuman primate to its destination and must include the information set forth in section 3.86 (e)(1)-(5) for each primary enclosure. Section 3.60 Consignments to carriers and intermediate handlers. Under the common travel area, Irish and British citizens can move freely and reside in either jurisdiction and enjoy associated rights and entitlements. (Sect. 2.32(b)). (Sect. (2) The animals remain under the total control and responsibility of the dealer or exhibitor. 2.31 (c)(1)). The environmental enhancement plan must include specific provisions to address the social needs of nonhuman primates of species known to exist in social groups in nature. Section 2.125 Information as to business. They enforce compliance with journey times through checks of journey documentation. The management of the facility, at which the marine mammal died, must maintain these necropsy records for a period of 3 years and present them to Department inspectors when requested." Prior to any IACUC review, all members of the committee must be provided with a list of proposed activities to be reviewed. 2.32 (c)(5)(iii)). The requirements for the qualifications and training of research facility personnel are found in Title 9 C.F.R., Chapter 1, Subchapter A- Animal Welfare, Part 2. St John's Road No IACUC member can participate in a review or approval of an activity in which he or she has a conflicting interest, or personal involvement, except to provide information requested by the IACUC. The report shall be signed and certified by the Chief Executive Officer or Institutional Official, and shall cover the previous Federal Fiscal year. 2.31 (d)(1)(x)(A)). 3.28 (c)(3)). (4) Annual report assurances by the research facility. II. Section 3.112 Consignment to carriers and intermediate handlers. This includes for journeys of any distance or duration, and for all species of animals. Major operative procedures on non rodents are to be conducted only in facilities intended for that purpose and shall be operated and maintained under aseptic conditions. (ii) Maintaining individually housed dogs in enclosures that provide at least twice the minimum required floor space under section 3.6(c)(1); (3.8(c)(3)(ii)). (Sect. (3) "Proper use of anesthetics, analgesics, and tranquilizers for any species of animal used by the facility;" (Sect. If program or facility deficiencies are noted, the reports must contain a reasonable and specific plan and schedule with dates for correcting each deficiency. (vii) Medical care for animals will be available and provided as necessary by a qualified veterinarian; (section 2.31 (d)(1)(vii)). 9Sect. (iii) Proper pre- and post- procedural care. (2) The USDA license or registration number of the person if he or she is licensed or registered under the Act. In the case of part-time attending veterinarians or consultant arrangements, the formal arrangements shall include a written program of veterinary care and regularly scheduled visits to the research facility. (Sect.2.125). The reports must contain a description of the nature and extent of the research facilities adherence to this subchapter, must identify specifically any departures from the provisions of title 9, chapter 1, subchapter A- Animal Welfare, and must state the reasons for each departure. 2.31 (a)). The Animal Health and Welfare Act 1984 was a piece of UK legislation that amended the provisions of the Animal Health Act 1981 related to . (b) Access and inspection of records and property. 2.32). (1) "A research facility shall notify the AC Regional Director by certified mail of any change in the name, address, or ownership, or other change in operations affecting its status as a research facility, within 10 days after making such change.". Restraint must be for the shortest period possible. Certain nonhuman primates must be provided special attention regarding enhancement of their environment, based on the needs of the individual species and in accordance with the instructions of the attending veterinarian. Instructions for no food or water are not acceptable unless directed by the attending veterinarian. 3.81(a) Social grouping,  (b) Environmental enrichment, (c) Special considerations, (d) Restraint devices. The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carries out enforcement checks at markets, ports, roadside and at supervised loadings of export consignments. 2.32 (c)(1)): (i) The basic needs of each species of animal. If you export cattle, sheep, pigs, goats or unregistered horses you must have both: The GB issued journey log must be approved by the APHA Centre for International Trade - Carlisle. (a) Dogs and cats must be fed at least once each day, except as otherwise might be required to provide adequate veterinary care.... (12) Watering of dogs and cats (Section 3.10). The standards for the exercise of dogs are set forth in 9 CFR, Chapter 1, Subchapter A - Animal Welfare, Part 3, Section 3.8. 3.81 (e)(2)). 2.32 (c)(1)(i)). The certification must include the requirements set forth in section 3.86 (c)(1)-(4). (ii) Proper handling and care for the various species of animals used by the facility (Sect. Section 3.89 Food and water requirements - transportation. 2.33 (b) (1 - 5)). (19) Feeding nonhuman primates (Section 3.82 (b)). 2.32(c)(2)). Temporary tethering is also prohibited unless approved by the IACUC. 2.36(b)(8)). (Section 3.2). (i) At least one shall be a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, with training or experience in laboratory animal science and medicine, who has direct or delegated program responsibility for activities involving animals at the research facility (Sect. The certificate shall include the information required in section 3.60 (b)(1)-(4). All survival surgery will be performed using aseptic procedures, including surgical gloves, masks, sterile instruments, and aseptic techniques. (C) In other special circumstances as determined by the Administrator of APHIS on an individual basis. Under the Act, an animal is defined as “a vertebrate other than man”. IV. (Sect.2.76 (a)(1)-(8)). Attending veterinarian: means a person who has graduated from a veterinary school accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association's Council on Education, or has a certificate issued by the American Veterinary Medical Association's Education Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates, or has received equivalent formal education as determined by the Administrator; has received training and/or experience in the care and management of the species being attended; and who has direct or delegated authority for activities involving animals at a facility subject to the jurisdiction of the Secretary (Sect. 3.35 (c)). (4) State the location of all facilities where animals were housed or used in actual research, testing, teaching, or experimentation, or held for these purposes (Sect. This paper provides the section numbers of the Regulations and Standards that pertain to the responsibilities and functions of the Attending Veterinarian for Research Facilities. (b) Any carrier or intermediate handler shall only accept for transportation or transport, in commerce, any live animal in a primary enclosure which conforms to the requirements set forth in section 3.137 of the standards: Provided, however, That any carrier or intermediate handler may accept for transportation or transport, in commerce, any live animal .... if the consignor furnishes to the carrier or intermediate handler a certificate, signed by the consignor, stating that the primary enclosure complies with section 3.137 of the standards, unless such primary enclosure is obviously defective or damaged and it is apparent that it cannot reasonably be expected to contain the live animal without causing suffering or injury to such live animal. The plan must comply with paragraphs (a – c) of this section (3.8 a-c). 3.81(a)). 2.32(c)(3)). There is also a Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Turkeys which continues to apply under the new Animal Welfare Act. The Treaty of Amsterdam in June 1997 contains a legally binding protocol recognising that animals are sentient beings and requires full regard to be paid to their welfare when policies relating to agriculture, transport, research and the internal market are formulated or implemented. (3.8(d)(3)). Advice and guidance on protecting animal welfare on farms, in transport, at markets and at slaughter. (Sect. This paper provides a brief summary and section numbers of the regulations and standards that pertain to reports, notifications, certifications, and recordkeeping for dealers and exhibitors as required under … The Animal Welfare Act 2006 was established in order to provide welfare to animals and to extend protection to related areas. 2.33(a)(1-3)). (5) A description of any euthanasia method to be used. The Act contains a Duty of Care to animals - this means that anyone responsible for an animal must take reasonable steps to make sure the animal’s needs are met. (ii) On alternatives to the use of live animals in research; (section 2.32 (c)(5)(ii)). (d) "A complete necropsy must be conducted by or under the direct supervision of a veterinarian on all marine mammals that die in captivity. As there is no longer an industry body for commercial rabbit keepers, we would welcome commercial farmers contacting us via: animal.welfare@defra.gov.uk to give their details for future consultation. (a) A class "A" dealer (breeder) shall identify all live dogs and cats as indicated in section 2.50 (a). (ii) To examine records required to be kept by the Act and the regulations. This paper provides excerpts, paraphrasing and section numbers of the regulations and standards that pertain to the responsibilities and functions of the Institutional Official for the research facility. There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Animal Welfare Act 2006, Section 32. (Sect. (Sect. (b) Every research facility shall make, keep, and maintain records or forms which fully and correctly disclose the following information concerning each live dog or cat purchased or acquired, transported, euthanized, sold or disposed of by the research facility, including baby animals born at the facility. (section 2.36 (b)(3)). 3.81 (a)(2)). No facility employee, Committee member, or laboratory personnel shall be discriminated against or be subject to any reprisal for reporting violations of any regulations or standards under the Act. (2) Prior to IACUC review, each member of the committee shall be provided with a list of proposed activities to be reviewed. 2.31 (d)(1)): (i) Procedures involving animals will avoid or minimize discomfort, distress, and pain to the animals. Below, I give an overview of the AHWA including details of what a ‘protected animal’ is, the responsibilities that all animal owners now have under the law and the penalties that can be imposed if animal owners fail to comply with the law. No facility employee, IACUC member, or laboratory personnel are to be discriminated against or subject to reprisal for reporting violations (Sect. (2) For a research facility, the Committee may exempt an individual nonhuman primate from participation in some or all of the otherwise required environment enhancement plans for scientific reasons set forth in the research proposal. (2) The research facility must provide the attending veterinarian with sufficient and appropriate authority to ensure that adequate veterinary care is provided at all times and that he or she is able to oversee the adequacy of all aspects of animal care and use for all animals (Sect. These requirements are found in Title 9 C.F.R., Chapter 1, Subchapter A - Animal Welfare, Parts 1, 2, and 3. (5) "Adequate pre-procedural and post-procedural care in accordance with current established veterinary medical and nursing procedures." Records that relate directly to proposed activities and proposed significant changes in ongoing activities reviewed and approved by the IACUC shall be maintained for the duration of the activity and for an additional three years after completion of the activity. (3.8(d)(2)). (8) Be authorized to suspend an activity involving animals if that activity is not being conducted in accordance with the activities approved by the IACUC (Sect. (Sect. All diagnostic rests conducted on post mortem specimens shall be listed in the report, and the results of each test recorded. (1) Each research facility, other than a Federal research facility, shall register with the Secretary by completing and filing a properly executed form, which will be furnished upon request, by the AC Regional Director for the State in which the research facility has its principal place of business, and shall be updated every 3 years by the completion and filing of a new registration form. 2.31  (c) (6)). Stareton (3) Records of semiannual IACUC reports and recommendations (including minority views), prepared in accordance with requirements in section 2.31(c)(3) and forwarded to the Institutional Official (Sect. (2) Those that show signs of being in psychological distress through behavior or appearance; (3.81(c)(2)). Section 3.87 Primary enclosure used to transport nonhuman primates. (5) Indoor housing facilities for dogs and cats. Should the activity not meet the definition of field study it is NOT exempt from this requirement. (a) Each reporting facility shall submit an annual report to the AC Regional Director for the State where the research facility is located on or before December 1 of each calendar year. Expenses such as, travel or mileage, meals and parking may be reimbursed however. 2.32(c)(5)(ii)). (b) Any person who is licensed must file an application for a license renewal and an annual report form and pay the required fees, on or before the expiration date of the present license or the license will automatically terminate on its anniversary date. (b) See section 2.33(b)(1-5) for additional veterinary care requirements. These requirements are found in Title 9 CFR, Chapter 1, Subchapter A - Animal Welfare, Parts 1, 2, and 3. All survival surgery will be performed using aseptic procedures, including surgical gloves, masks, sterilized instruments, and aseptic techniques. (A) Justified for scientific reasons by the principal investigator, in writing; (section 2.31 (d)(1)(x)(A)). (1) The attending veterinarian may exempt an individual nonhuman primate from participation in the environment enhancement plan because of its health or condition, or in consideration or its well-being. 2.32 (c)(2)). Like this: Like Loading... Posted on 27/11/2020 27/11/2020. For further guidance on contingency plans contact APHA’s Welfare in Transport team. (c)(4) Permanent tethering of dogs is prohibited for use as a primary enclosure. 2.36 (b)(1)-(8)). (c) Methods and period of providing exercise opportunity. OX29 8SG, Telephone: +44 (0)1993 885 610 Animals housed in the same primary enclosure must be compatible and not be housed near animals that interfere with their health or cause them discomfort. Section 2.31(d) requires the IACUC to review the activities involving animals to determine that the proposed activities, or proposed significant changes in ongoing activities, are in accordance with regulations. (B) Required as a routine veterinary procedure or to protect the health or well-being of the animal as determined by the attending veterinarian; or (section 2.31 (d)(1)(x)(B)). Major operative procedures on non-rodents will be conducted only in facilities intended for that purpose which shall be operated and maintained under aseptic conditions. Armley III. The basis of the exemption is to be documented in the approved proposal and must be reviewed at appropriate intervals, as determined by the IACUC, but not less than annually (Sect. (g) Documents accompanying the shipment shall be attached in an easily accessible manner to the outside of the primary enclosure. (9) Environmental enhancement - Nonhuman primates (Section 3.81). 2.36(b)(6)). 2.36(b)(2)). Non major operative procedures and all surgery on rodents do not require a dedicated facility, but must be done under aseptic procedures. (ix) Activities that involve surgery must include appropriate provision for pre-operative and post-operative care of the animals in accordance with established veterinary medical and nursing practices. The ambient temperature must be maintained at a level that ensures the health and well-being of the species housed, as directed by the attending veterinarian, in accordance with generally accepted professional and husbandry practices (Sect. The plan may provide for the following exceptions: (3.81(a)). I. Written descriptions of all proposed activities that involve the care and use of animals must be available to all IACUC members. Section 2.32 Personnel qualifications. However, those officials may not approve an activity involving the care and use of animals if it has not been approved by the IACUC. A person can be fined or imprisoned. The research facility to which the dog or cat is transferred shall keep, maintain, and make available for APHIS inspection the copy of the certification for at least 3 years following disposition.". The report must also state the reasons for each departure and must distinguish significant deficiencies from minor deficiencies. NOTE: The information in this paper contains excerpts and paraphrasing of the published regulations and standards in 9 CFR, Chapter 1, Subchapter A- Animal Welfare. (Sect. (ii) Breeds of dogs or cats that cannot tolerate the prevalent temperatures of the area without stress or discomfort. Facilities must include in the environment enhancement plan special provisions for great apes weighing over 110 lbs, including additional opportunities to express species-typical behavior. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) sets out the requirements for transporting animals by air. (4) Methods whereby deficiencies in animal care and treatment are reported, including deficiencies reported by facility employees (Sect. If you have an Irish certificate of competence, you can apply to APHA by completing an application form. All diagnostic tests conducted on post mortem specimens shall be listed in the report, and the results of each test recorded. Each research facility shall furnish to any APHIS official any information concerning the business of the research facility which the APHIS official may request in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of the Act, the regulations, and the standards. 2.38(e). (Sect.3.81 (e)(3)). (b) (1) Every dealer and exhibitor, except auction sales and brokers, shall make and maintain records or forms for animals other than dogs and cats, acquired, held, transported, or disposed of, as required in section 2.75 (b)(1)-(3). 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